Chinese Name: 南京大学
English Name:Nanjing University
Abbreviation: 南大(Nanda); NJU
Brief introduction of Nanjing Univeristy
In May 1902, Zhang Zhidong张之洞 and his friend Liu Kunyi刘坤一, who was then the governor of Liangjiang两江, submitted a petition to the Qing court to request that the governor of Liangjiang, Jiangning江宁, that is, Nanjing, set up a normal school in the same year to start the construction of the Sanjiang Normal School三江师范学堂. Some of the faculty hired Chinese scholars, and the other part was hired from Japan to open the first institution of higher learning in the modern sense of Nanjing.
In 1905, the Sanjiang Normal School was renamed the Liangjiang Excellent Normal School两江优级师范学堂.
After that it developed to Nanjing Higher Normal School两江高等师范学校, National Southeast University国立东南大学, National Fourth Sun Yat-sen University国立第四中山大学, National Central University国立中央大学, National Nanjing University国立南京大学and other historical periods.
In 1950, National Nanjing University国立南京大学was renamed Nanjing University南京大学.
Since the reform and opening up改革开放, As a key comprehensive university directly under the Ministry of Education教育部, Nanjing University has shown new vitality in the new historical opportunities. It has maintained a good momentum of development in teaching and research, social services and other fields, and ranks among the top universities in China in terms of educational indicators and comprehensive strength.
Education Achivements and Rankings
It is the first modern university in China to integrate teaching and research of specialized applied disciplines such as agriculture, industry and commerce with autonomous university, academic freedom, liberal arts and science. It is reputed as the center of Oriental education internationally东方教育的中心.
As of November 30, 2020, Nanjing university has four campuses in Xianlin Gulou鼓楼, Pukou浦口, Suzhou苏州. It has 31 directly affiliated departments and 88 undergraduate majors. There are 3 professional doctor’s degree programs, 4 first-level master’s degree programs, 28 professional master’s degree programs, and 38 post-doctoral research stations.
By the end of April 2013, a total of 12 disciplines of Nanjing University have entered the top 1% of ESI in the world, among which two disciplines of chemical and materials science have been ranked among the top 100 disciplines in the world.
Nanjing University was the first to advocate teaching method, the first to implement the credit system and elective subject system, the first to prohibit women from implementing coeducation, the first to lead the Chinese spirit initiated the establishment of The earliest Teachers’ Day教师节 in China.
Nanjing University is a member of the C9 ConsortiumC9联盟, a group of leading higher education institutions that are often likened to the Ivy League in the United States or the Russell Group in the United Kingdom, and receive additional funding from the Chinese government.
As of 2021, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked Nanjing University 17th in Asia and 5th in China.
The U.S. News & World Report ranked Nanjing University 135th in the world, 18th in Asia and 6th in China.
The U.S. News & World Report ranked the major mainly about chemical化学, geoscience地球科学and material science材料科学of Nanjing University 17th, 25 and 25 in the world,enjoying the high reputation in the world.
Academic Ranking of World Universities, also known as the “Shanghai Ranking”, placed the major mainly about Environmental Science and Engineering环境科学与工程and Nanoscience and Nanotechnology纳米科学与纳米技术of University 13th and 15th in the world.
Chinese language and literature汉语言文学: It is one of the oldest majors in Nanjing University and one of the most academically powerful majors in Nanjing University. Ranked fourth in the subject evaluation of the Ministry of Education, with strong teachers and many research institutes and good employment。
History历史: The study of modern and contemporary Chinese history, especially the history of the Republic of China, is at the forefront of china. The history of cross-strait relations, ancient Chinese history, and frontier history are also the signatures of NTU’s history department.
Pilosophy哲学: The department of philosophy of Nanjing University is a traditional discipline with strong strength, ranking the top three in China.
Astronomy天文学: The Department of Astronomy of Nanjing University ranks first in China, with a graduate guarantee rate of 65.
Physics物理学: In terms of disciplines, Nanjing University and other universities tied for first place in physics.
Nearly 100 alumni of NTU after liberation have been elected academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Sciences, 13 of whom are undergraduate graduates after the resumption of the college entrance examination高考, which is the first among the universities in China since the resumption of the college entrance examination高考.
In the past century, Nanjing University has always adhered to the principle of education and nurtured many Chinese talents in various historical stages, who have made outstanding achievements in their respective fields.Zhu Guangya朱光亚, Cheng Kaijia 程开甲 are among the 23 people honored by the CPC Central Committee for their meritorious deeds.